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[择校指导] 【18考研】专业择校指南——经济学

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发表于 2016-11-21 11:10:05 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
 
专业择校指南
经济学

经济学内含专业分析

经济学这个学科含了将近20个具体专业。不同的专业,在报考难易、学习过程、就业前景、发展道路也是大不相同。总体而言,经济类专业分成理论经济学和应用经济学。
一、应用经济学
其下设二级学科为:国民经济学、区域经济学、财政学(含税收学)、金融学、产业经济学、国际经济学、劳动经济学、统计学、数量经济学、国防经济学。
这其中金融学、国际经济学、国际贸易学在当今社会成为了超级热门专业。这些专业相比其他专业确实有一定的优势,但是由于选择这些专业的人数太多,如果学艺不精可能会消减掉这些专业优势。
  统计学和数量经济学紧随其后,这两个专业的特点是能够学到一门纯熟的统计工具,能够对经济问题进行专业的数量分析。精确的量化分析恰好是现代经济的特征和发展方向,因此这两个专业对擅长数理的人是性价比很高的专业。
国民经济学、区域经济学、财政学(含税收学)、产业经济学、国防经济学、劳动经济学虽然属于应用经济学之列,但是在学习中理论性也较浓。
应用经济学国家重点学科院校有中国人民大学、中央财经大学、厦门大学、南开大学,这些学校所有应用经济学下属的二级学科都属于国家重点学科。
二、理论经济学
它包括政治经济学、经济思想史、经济史、西方经济学、世界经济以及人口、资源与环境经济学等二级学科。
理论经济学中政治经济学和西方经济学是研究经济的最基本理论的学科,适合造就经济方面的通才,就业面宽阔,但是针对性不强,可能什么都可以做,但是又属于什么都不是特别对口的情况。这两个专业是理论经济学的热门专业,能够帮助学习者建立扎实的经济学基础,如果有自己的其他特长,将会成为特别受市场欢迎的“综合能力强+特长鲜明”的高级人才。
经济思想史、经济史、世界经济以及人口研究性特别比较浓厚,容易考取,但是很多为了读研而读研的考生选择了这个专业后,因为缺乏兴趣而倍受煎熬。资源与环境经济学这一专业属于新兴的专业,如果能把握时机,学有所成,值得看好。
其中理论经济学国家重点学科院校有北京大学、中国人民大学、厦门大学、复旦大学、南开大学、武汉大学,这些学校所有理论经济学下属的二级学科都属于国家重点学科。
可以发现同时两个一级经济学科都是国家重点学科的只有三所学校:中国人民大学、南开大学、厦门大学,这三所大学几乎可以说其经济学院所有专业都是国家重点学科
院校选择

根据燕园考研在线全国研究生入学考试中心的调研,总体来说,经济学考研可分为以下几个阶梯:
第一阶梯
    清华大学、北京大学、复旦大学(金融全国第一)、上海交通大学
第二阶梯
    中国人民大学(覆盖整个北方,三大全经济学科重点学校之一,985)、 南开大学 (覆盖整个北方但在北京处于弱势,不过也是三大全经济学科重点学校之一所以排第二阶梯,985)、中央财经大学(覆盖整个北方,211,牌子响)、上海财经大学(覆盖整个南方,211,得益于上海金融中心优势)、厦门大学(覆盖整个南方在上海处于弱势,不过同南开、人大一样是三大全经济重点学科学校之一)。
第三阶梯  
是区位稍差的211财经和区位稍差的经济还行的985,其中包括西南财经大学(就业覆盖西南地区和深圳地区,211院校,金融一批国家重点学科)、中南财经政法大学(就业覆盖湖北地区,211院校,金融二批国家重点学科)、兰州大学(区位处于劣势,但是区域经济学是国家重点学科,同时是985)、暨南大学(211,产业经济学全国第一,广州区位优势)、对外经济贸易大学(211,国贸是国家重点学科,北京区位优势)等。
第四阶梯
一些经济学科很弱的985学校或一些211学校以及一些不知名的地区性财经院校。如东北大学的一般经济学科很弱,就业就非常局限了。
第五阶梯:其他普通院校
 综合性大学凭借自己原有的优良资源,积极发展经济学学科建设,虽然起步稍晚,但在经济学与其擅长的学科相结合的交叉专业领域表现十分突出。同时,一些省内经济类院校在与当地经济相融合的领域也表现突出。这些院校的实力不可小视,对于那些发展目标明确的考生也是不错的选择。

标签:经济学专业
 
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